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Teak (Tectona grandis) is a leafy tree of the Verbenacea family that reaches up to 30 m in height. Its appearance becomes more beautiful over the years and it has the ability to not be damaged when it comes into contact with metals, which makes it very valuable for the manufacture of high-value furniture and luxurious boats.
It is native from India, Burma, Laos, and Thailand and has a long history of systematic management (exploitation). It was introduced to Indonesia (Java) hundreds of years ago and the oldest teak plantations in Sri Lanka have been documented in the late 17th century.
The first intensive systems of management (exploitation) of natural forests were developed around 150 years ago in Myanmar, from where active management (exploitation) of the species passed to India and Thailand over a period of about 40 years.
Today teak is found in many other Asian countries, and extensive plantations have also been established in Africa and Central and South America. It has become clear that the management (exploitation) of natural forests cannot continue to respond to the demand for teak wood, and the foreseeable insufficiency of this material has fueled interest in teak plantations that are taking shape in many countries under the modality of sustainable forestry projects.